Who Can Decide If Information Should Be Classified At What Level And How Long?

What are the 4 data classification levels?

Data Classification Levels These can be adopted by commercial organizations, but, most often, we find four levels, Restricted, Confidential, Internal, Public.

These four are far more straightforward, and their names align to how they should be handled..

What are the three levels of classified information?

The U.S. classification of information system has three classification levels — Top Secret, Secret, and Confidential — which are defined in EO 12356.

Which level of classified information could cause damage?

Levels of Classification The unauthorized disclosure of Secret information could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security. The unauthorized disclosure of Top Secret information could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to national security.

What does an OCA sign?

Original Classification Authority (OCA) Decision Aid Original classification is the initial decision that particular information requires protection in the interest of national security and could be expected to cause damage if subjected to unauthorized disclosure.

How long is information classified?

The originating agency assigns a declassification date, by default 10 years. After 25 years, declassification review is automatic with nine narrow exceptions that allow information to remain as classified. At 50 years, there are two exceptions, and classifications beyond 75 years require special permission.

Who has the authority to classify documents?

The authority to classify information originally as Top Secret may be exercised only by: (1) the President; (2) agency heads and officials designated by the President in the Federal Register; and (3) officials delegated this authority pursuant to Section 1.2(d).

What is the most classified document?

Top Secret is the highest level of classified information. Information is further compartmented so that specific access using a code word after top secret is a legal way to hide collective and important information. Such material would cause “exceptionally grave damage” to national security if made publicly available.

What is needed for classified information?

Classified information may be made available to a person only when the possessor of the information establishes that the person has a valid “need to know” and the access is essential to the accomplishment of official government duties.

Why is information classified?

Classified information is that which a government or agency deems sensitive enough to national security that access to it must be controlled and restricted. For example, I dealt with information related to weapons of mass destruction and their proliferation.

Who decides if information should be classified?

Executive Order 13256 spells out who specifically may classify information. Authority to take certain pieces of information, say the existence of a weapons program, and classify it top secret is given only to specific individuals.

What two things must the OCA consider when determining how long information will be classified?

OCA Requirements The government grants the authority to originally classify information only when there is a “demonstrable and continuing need” for such authority. That is, there must be a justifiable requirement to perform original classification, and that need must be expected to last over time.

What are the 7 classification levels?

7 Major Levels of Classification There are seven major levels of classification: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species. The two main kingdoms we think about are plants and animals. Scientists also list four other kingdoms including bacteria, archaebacteria, fungi, and protozoa.

What are the 5 levels of security clearance?

These are confidential, secret, top secret and sensitive compartmented information. This type of security clearance provides access to information that may cause damage to national security if disclosed without authorization. It must be reinvestigated every 15 years.

What information should be classified as secret?

Classified information can be designated Top Secret, Secret or Confidential. These classifications are only used on matters of national interest. Top Secret: applies when compromise might reasonably cause exceptionally grave injury to the national interest. The possible impact must be great, immediate and irreparable.

What is above top secret?

Information “above Top Secret” is either Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or special access program (SAP) which are phrases used by media. … Someone cleared at the SECRET level for some compartment X cannot see material in compartment X that is classified TOP SECRET.